Imagine driving on a paved road without a center stripe, lane markings or any other type of visual guide to help you determine the limits of your lane. When the automobile was first introduced, this is precisely what drivers had to endure. As long as there were only a few hundred cars in the entire nation, the lack of pavement markings was not critical. However, by 1910, there were approximately 470,000 cars traveling the nation’s roads, and by 1920, there were almost 10 million. With so many cars and too few experienced drivers operating them, it was inevitable that accidents would increase. The first pavement markings in America were installed to help make driving safer for everyone.
The Introduction of Pavement Markings
Edward N. Hines of Wayne County, Michigan, is believed to have conceived the idea of painting a center stripe on roadways to improve safety. He was allegedly inspired by the white trail that a leaky milk wagon left behind. In 1911, Mr. Hines, who chaired the county’s board of roads at the time, arranged to have a center stripe painted on a section of a heavily traveled road. His idea quickly spread throughout the state, and by 1917, Oregon and California had followed suit.
The Confusing Issue of Early Pavement Markings
As more states and local governments implemented pavement markings, drivers were often confronted with confusing markings that varied between cities, counties, or states. For example, an unbroken white line might indicate that passing was allowed, but it might indicate a no-passing zone in the next county. Center stripes could be virtually any color, and some cities invented their own special markings to convey warnings or information.
Achieving Standardized Pavement Markings
Thewas the first agency to publish a manual that contained standardized pavement markings. The manual was issued in 1971, but it took almost four years to achieve national compliance. Some of the standards contained in the manual included using yellow center stripes to denote oncoming traffic, using white markings for lanes moving in the same direction and using broken center stripes to indicate that passing was permitted.
Improvements in Pavement Paints
The first paints used for pavement markings were solvent-based, and many of them also contained lead. The potential for environmental damage led to the elimination of lead-based pavement paints, and solvent-based pavement paints are banned in many locations.
Switching to water-based pavement paints was a problem in some areas. Today, water-based pavement paints are normally used only in low-traffic areas or in situations requiring temporary markings.
Let B&E Handle Your Pavement Markings
B&E Coating Services offers a wide range of asphalt paving services to customers throughout the state of Michigan. We specialize in the maintenance and repair of asphalt pavements. Whether you need parking lot striping and pavement markings, residential sealcoating, asphalt crack repairs, or a sports court construction, we can help. Our crews are highly qualified and experienced, and they produce quality work at reasonable rates. You can call our Grand Rapids sealcoat contractors at 989-352-7305 to request a free quote, or you can submit the contact form located on our website.